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The Bilateral Agreements I are - with the exception of the Research Agreement - traditional market liberalisation agreements:
Free movement of persons: The labour markets are to be opened gradually. Following transitional periods, Swiss and EU citizens will be able to take up residence in any of the partner countries and will enjoy the same employment rights. The prerequisites are to have a valid employment contract, to be self-employed or to have sufficient independent means, and to have health insurance.
Technical barriers to trade TBT (also known as the Mutual Recognition Agreement MRA): This agreement simplifies the admission of products. Testing and admission for the entire European market is now the responsibility of a single certification authority, either in Switzerland or in the EU.
Public procurement markets: The obligation to invite tenders in the context of procurements and construction in accordance with WTO rules is to be extended to the level of municipality and to the procurement activities of public and specific private sector companies in particular sectors such as rail transportation and energy.
Agriculture: Trade in agricultural products has been simplified in certain areas (cheese, processed dairy products), partly through the dismantling of tariffs and partly by the mutual recognition of the validity of regulations in the areas of veterinary medicine, plant protection and biological agriculture.
Overland transport: The markets for road and rail transport will gradually be opened to competition, and Switzerland's transport policy based on road-to-rail transfer is anchored in a European framework. The EU accepts an increase in the levy on heavy goods vehicles (LSVA) to CHF 325 (as of 2008), while Switzerland accepts a gradual increase in the weight limit for HGVs to 40 tonnes (as of 2005).
Civil aviation: The agreement gives airlines gradual access to each other's markets.
Research: Swiss researchers as well as companies may now participate in the EU research framework programmes.
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